How we work to reduce the harm to people and ecosystems from armed conflicts and military activities

CEOBS was launched in 2018 with the primary goal of increasing awareness and understanding of the environmental and derived humanitarian consequences of conflicts and military activities. In this, we seek to challenge the idea of the environment as a ‘silent victim of armed conflict’.

CEOBS builds on six years of research and policy work by its predecessor the Toxic Remnants of War Project. The Project sought to identify new opportunities for collecting data on environmental harm and the human suffering it causes, and the means through which data could be used to inform greater protection for the environment, and for those who depend on it, before during and after armed conflicts. CEOBS’ work will extend beyond the environmental consequences of war to also consider the role of environmental factors in triggering or driving insecurity.

We intend for this website, which aggregates information on multiple conflicts and topics, to be a resource for policy-makers, researchers, activists and journalists interested in the environmental dimensions of armed conflicts.

We work with international organisations, civil society, academia and communities to:

  • Monitor and publicise data on the environmental dimensions of armed conflicts;

  • Develop tools to improve data collection and sharing;

  • Monitor and scrutinise developments in law and policy that could contribute towards the reduction of humanitarian and environmental harm.

CEOBS’ overarching aim is to ensure that the environmental consequences of armed conflicts and military activities are properly documented and addressed, and that those affected are assisted.


We are grateful to the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust, and LUSH for supporting our work.

Further information

The Conflict and Environment Observatory is registered with the Charity Commission of England and Wales – number 1174115, and is accredited to the UN Environment Assembly (UNEA) of UN Environment. We are also a founding member of the Environmental Peacebuilding Association.

Our privacy policy is available here.

Staff and trustees