Comments submitted to the government of Ireland’s March 2021 negotiations on a political declaration on the use of explosive weapons in populated areas, which identifies opportunities for addressing their environmental impact.
This CEOBS/SGR study set out to estimate the carbon footprint of the EU’s military sectors. The report also provides a broad overview of the policies and measures currently being pursued to reduce military GHG emissions in the EU, and their likely effectiveness.
A joint position paper arguing that states should use the Fifth United Nations Environment Assembly to help promote the use of nature-based solutions before, during and after armed conflicts.
Report examining what steps states and private companies should take to reduce corporate environmental harm in areas affected by armed conflicts, exploring the OECD Guidelines on Multinational Enterprises, UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights and the ILC’s PERAC principles.
Report providing initial analysis of the environmental dimensions of the 2020 conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabach, and which considers environmental propaganda, the use of incendiary weapons, and water and mineral resources.
Report seeking to understand why Russia opposes measures to more effectively integrate the environment into international policymaking on peace and security. To do so it explores how and why the concept of environmental security features in Russian domestic, security and foreign policies.
This report reviews Canada’s state practice on the protection of the environment in relation to armed conflicts, or PERAC. It uses draft legal principles developed by the UN’s International Law Commission as benchmarks against which to measure Canadian conduct before, during and after armed conflicts, and in occupation.