From the Iran-Iraq War to the rise of Islamic State, Iraq’s environment has been deeply scarred by conflict. Now facing climate change, conflicts over water with its neighbours, high levels of industrial pollution, biodiversity loss and the serious consequences of Islamic State’s scorched earth policies, environmental issues are increasingly critical for Iraq’s sustainability and security.


Country brief: Iraq

A brief introductory overview of the environmental dimensions of Iraq’s conflicts, with facts, figures and further reading.


ISIL’s scorched earth policy in Iraq: options for its victims to be recognised under international law

With what has been called a ‘landmark’ resolution, the UN Security Council has established a team to investigate international crimes committed by ISIL in Iraq. Will the investigative team also seek accountability for the victims of its scorched earth policy and oil fires? On which criminal provisions could the team of experts rely to address conflict-related environmental harm?

Twitter: #Iraq

A drought warning for #Iraq and #Syria has been posted by @eu_echo highlighting risks to agricultural livelihoods that have been exacerbated by conflict #ClimateEmergency

The use of @explosiveweapon in urban areas leaves a lasting health and environmental legacy, this @UNEP project in Mosul #Iraq shows how recovery from the use of #EWIPA can boost local economies and reduce those legacy issues

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