From the Iran-Iraq War to the rise of Islamic State, Iraq’s environment has been deeply scarred by conflict. Now facing climate change, conflicts over water with its neighbours, high levels of industrial pollution, biodiversity loss and the serious consequences of Islamic State’s scorched earth policies, environmental issues are increasingly critical for Iraq’s sustainability and security.


Country brief: Iraq

A brief introductory overview of the environmental dimensions of Iraq’s conflicts, with facts, figures and further reading.


ISIL’s scorched earth policy in Iraq: options for its victims to be recognised under international law

With what has been called a ‘landmark’ resolution, the UN Security Council has established a team to investigate international crimes committed by ISIL in Iraq. Will the investigative team also seek accountability for the victims of its scorched earth policy and oil fires? On which criminal provisions could the team of experts rely to address conflict-related environmental harm?

Twitter: #Iraq

Good to see another @UNEP project reducing the environmental costs of conflict debris in #Iraq “The cost of crushing the debris is about one-third of buying fresh quarry materials and, if transportation costs are added, it would account for only 10%”

This piece on deforestation in #Iraq highlights the tension between #mineaction & #biodiversity protection. “At the moment, it is probably best that the mines stay in the ground to prevent people from cutting down trees and disturbing the natural habitat.”

Last chance for the Persian leopard: the fight to save Iraqi Kurdistan‘s forests

Minefields left over from the Iran-Iraq war are one of the last bastions against illegal logging and poaching

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