Syria

The conflict in Syria has included widespread attacks on oil facilities by numerous parties. Damage to urban areas has created vast quantities of debris and destroyed essential infrastructure, and fighting has regularly taken place in industrial areas. There has been a huge growth in artisanal oil refining in response to the destruction of oil facilities, while the massive displacement of its population has created environmental stress in neighbouring countries.

Publications

Country brief: Syria

A brief introductory overview of the environmental dimensions of the conflict in Syria, with facts, figures and further reading.

Blogs

Report highlights health and environmental impact of makeshift oil refineries in Syria

PAX report Scorched Earth and Charred Lives shows a sharp increase in the number of makeshift refineries in Syria’s oil rich Deir ez-Zor governorate, in the past four years, with the most recent analysis based on satellite images from June 2016. There are likely tens of thousands of makeshift refineries in the region, in which adults and an alarming number of children work.

Jordan grapples with the environmental consequences of its refugee crisis

Amidst the urgency of the humanitarian response to support those feeling Syria, the environmental footprint of these population surges has been less visible but, as Jordan is discovering, failing to address the impact of migration during response and recovery could have serious health, environmental and political consequences.

Twitter: #Syria

Homs #Syria residents are increasingly concerned about industrial & oil pollution from refineries & a phosphate plant. Weak oversight, damaged monitoring stations & limited analytical capacity are hampering efforts to reduce Orontes river discharges

The conflict in #Syria has damaged vast farming areas, displaced thousands of Syrian farmers and triggered a sharp increase in the cost of agricultural inputs. A new @FAOemergencies report provides a snapshot of current conditions

New study on pollution in the Orontes river suggests that explosives from the conflict in #Syria may have been the cause of high nitrate levels in waters received by Turkey: We'd caution that it may also have been caused by the impaired sanitation network.

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