A brief introductory overview of the environmental issues facing the Gaza Strip and West Bank, with facts, figures and further reading.
A dense population and recurring conflicts have placed the Gaza Strip’s environment under considerable pressure, damaging critical infrastructure and generating debris. Environmental governance in both Gaza and the West Bank has been made more complex by the occupation, which has compounded and often actively worsened issues such as water scarcity, pollution, land degradation and waste management. Read the OPT briefing.
This blog summarises the findings of a new UNEP assessment of environmental conditions in the West Bank and Gaza, which has revealed the severity and intensity of environmental degradation.
A new study has examined the causes and extent of infrastructure damage in Gaza and the West Bank. Leonie Nimmo takes a look at both the consequences of slow violence under occupation, and periods of armed violence for the environment and for the viability of life.
Over the summer, the International Law Commission has strengthened its draft principles on environmental protection in situations of occupation. In this blog, CEOBS teams up with Al-Haq to review the revised principles against current cases of occupation to identify any further improvements that could be made.
Since March, Palestinian protesters have been launching incendiary kites and balloons over the border into Israel. The ensuing fires have affected agricultural areas and nature reserves, with no end in sight protected areas are the conflicts’s latest environmental casualty.
The latest report by the International Law Commission in its ongoing study into the protection of the environment in relation to armed conflicts deals with environmental protection in situations of occupation. This blog looks at the new draft principles, their basis and argues that they should be strengthened.
The widespread damage to urban areas in the latest conflict in Gaza has generated a range of toxic remnants of war, from debris, to sewage and water contamination to the residues of weapons, there is a pressing need for an environmental assessment in the affected areas.
Twitter: #Gaza / #OPT
This new study on the water-air transmission of coastal pollution is important for places like #Gaza and #Libya where years of conflict have disrupted wastewater management leading to high rates of discharge into the sea
Airborne transmission pathway for coastal water pollution
Each year, over one hundred million people become ill and tens of thousands die from exposure to viruses and bac...
More Israeli airstrikes on #Gaza in retaliation for incendiary balloon launches.
Israel launched airstrikes on the Gaza Strip after Palestinians fired incendiary balloons into Israel for a third straight day. There were no immediate reports of casualties. Tensions have remained high since a cease-fire ended last month's 11-day war.
#Gaza is facing a hotter than average summer and the pandemic with the reverberating effects of the recent bombing on its water and energy sectors. @AAbumezied examines how infrastructure damage leaves communities more vulnerable to extreme weather #EWIPA
Gaza’s Summer: Destruction, Pandemic, and Climate Change - Al-Shabaka
As rising temperatures continue to threaten Gaza, Palestinians are bracing for a hot summer with widespread destruction and the COVID-19 pandemic
Long-awaited environmental assessment of the rate and severity of environmental degradation in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
Reconstruction and analysis of herbicide spraying events on the Gaza border that reveals the extent to which Israeli spraying is affecting Palestinian areas, impacting on agriculture and potentially on human health.
The impacts of climate change are particularly complex in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The region suffers from violent conflicts and severe water scarcity, while climate models show more serious scenarios here than in other regions. This paper explains how the security of the MENA region is inscribed in a new climate reality.
This policy brief examines the environmental and political impact of climate change on Palestine-Israel, particularly in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT), offering recommendations for political and practical climate change adaptation.
Israel, Palestine, and Jordan are all grappling with water scarcity in different ways and to different degrees. The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is considered a climate hotspot due to its natural water scarcity, low levels of socio-ecological resilience, social tensions and political conflicts, and ongoing immigration crisis. Over the course of the…
This RAND study investigates the public health consequences of Gaza’s water crisis, finding that more than a quarter of all reported disease in Gaza is linked to poor water quality. The study also examines the steps necessary to improve water supplies to the Strip.
Report on the use of aerial herbicides by the Israeli Defence Forces on agricultural areas along the border of the Gaza Strip and its implications for human health and the environment.
OCHA | Poor infrastructure and lack of funding put over 560,000 people at risk of flooding in the Gaza Strip
During periods of rainfall, the sewage/storm water station receives rainwater mixed with sewage. This must be pumped out to the storm water infiltration ponds, to the sea or to open areas.
Israel has set out less stringent regulations in industrial zones in settlements and even offers financial incentives such as tax breaks and government subsidies. This policy has made it more profitable to build and operate waste treatment facilities in the West Bank than inside Israel.
Even without a peace plan, environmentalists have recognised that the pollution and water problems need common solutions.
The humanitarian problems posed by the substandard living conditions in Gaza require the attention of international actors associated with the peace process. If the living conditions in Gaza do not improve in the near future, the region will inevitably experience another round of conflict, more violent than the last.
This assessment seeks to identify all the potential environmental impacts of 2014’s Operation Protective Edge almost a year after it came to an end. Its findings are based on participatory research in which more than ten experts and almost a thousand Palestinians from the Gaza Strip participated.
This report found that insurmountable domestic legal barriers were creating environmental injustice.
The broad objectives of this study were to: highlight the longer-term effects and implications of current developmental and social trends and challenges affecting the Gaza Strip; raise awareness of these both locally and internationally; and, inform the strategic programming of the UN.
The report reveals in a striking manner the linkages between environment and security in the occupied Palestinian territory.
The aim of this desk study was to outline the state of the environment and identify major areas of environmental damage requiring urgent attention.