A brief introductory overview of the environmental dimensions of Libya’s conflict, with facts, figures and further reading.
The fragmentation of Libya and its descent into civil war, which began following the 2011 uprisings and NATO intervention, has had as yet unquantified consequences for its environment. Islamic State has targeted oil infrastructure and urban areas have seen severe damage with governmental collapse resulting in the loss of environmental oversight and basic services.
Contrary to other armed groups in Libya, the strategy behind the Islamic State’s attacks on oil facilities this week is not purely military. It is also part of a wider strategy calling for the disruption of the oil industry, not only to affect opposing regimes but also western society and the global economy.
Chair of NOC #Libya expresses concern about military presence around oil facilities and ports, which could lead to a major disaster with massive civilian casualties. Stressed the need for all parties to refrain from fighting and allowing the institution to resume production.
رئيس مجلس إدارة المؤسسة الوطنية للنفط: الصراع على النفط الليبي صراع دولي وله أهداف سياسية.
Beaches in #Libya have long been affected by oil pollution such as tar balls, the country also has some of the Med's most important turtle nesting beaches. Unclear whether this slick originated from the nearby Zawiya export terminal, or dumping or tanker transfers at sea.
Today, contraband oil floats on #Suramn Beaches, right next to #Zawia and #Sabratha,In the those areas, you can not find any fuel to fell up your car, which led the citizens to drive all the way to tripoli, which led to massive fuel shortness in #Tripoli #Libya
The build up of mercenaries around oil facilities in #Libya is setting the scene for confrontations that carry with them risks to the environment. So to will any eastward shift in the frontline between the GNA and LNA forces.
#OOTT #Libyaoil NOC says mercenaries at 2 eastern oil ports, Ras Lanuf + Zueitina. Also Zallah oil field + nearby Schlumberger camp. At weekend NOC said mercenaries at Es Sider oil port + Sharara field. (Map: Petroleum Economist) https://t.co/veZ1KOyU1a
The impacts of climate change are particularly complex in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The region suffers from violent conflicts and severe water scarcity, while climate models show more serious scenarios here than in other regions. This paper explains how the security of the MENA region is inscribed in a new climate reality.
In June 2018, social media and OSINT were used to identify damage caused to an oil storage site in Libya caused by fighting between the LNA and a former PFG commander.
How the needs of conflict-affected communities in Southern Libya are being addressed. Communities in southern Libya crucially rely on water wells to extract water, which through the connection to the water well network, reaches peoples’ individual homes. Over the past few years, many wells have fallen into disrepair or were not connected to the electricity…
Communities living in proximity to the Abu Kammesh and Melittah Oil and Gas complex are concerned over rates of health problems linked to pollution from the sites.
Coverage of the health and environmental risks posed by the abandoned Abu Khammash chemical plant in northern Libya.
How a former chemical plant has been abandoned due to the conflict and now poses risks to the environment and local communities.
This profile provides an overview of climate risk issues in Libya, including how climate change will potentially impact agriculture, water resources, human health and coastal zones.
The Great Man-made River is a remarkable feat of engineering but the whole scheme could collapse if the mayhem in Libya continues.
This report focuses on environmental governance in Libya and was prepared as part of an EU project intended to create a shared environmental information system in the European neighbourhood.
This book offered signposts towards achieving Libyan environmental sustainability, finding that Libya was poised to become a world leader in sustainability should it have chosen to.
Harvard International Human Rights Clinic | Explosive Situation: Qaddafi’s Abandoned Weapons and the Threat to Libya’s Civilians
This report focuses on the impact on civilians of weapons that were once part of Qaddafi’s arsenal, but were not used in the conflict and are now held by various parties.
This report contains a compilation of information from national and international experts and from documentation available on marine and coastal biodiversity in Libya. It proposes and describes sites of conservation interest along the Libyan coast.