A brief introductory overview of the environmental dimensions of Libya’s conflict, with facts, figures and further reading.
The fragmentation of Libya and its descent into civil war, which began following the 2011 uprisings and NATO intervention, has had as yet unquantified consequences for its environment. Islamic State has targeted oil infrastructure and urban areas have seen severe damage with governmental collapse resulting in the loss of environmental oversight and basic services.
Contrary to other armed groups in Libya, the strategy behind the Islamic State’s attacks on oil facilities this week is not purely military. It is also part of a wider strategy calling for the disruption of the oil industry, not only to affect opposing regimes but also western society and the global economy.
The UN's Special Representative for #Libya has warned the #UNSC of Libyan communities' deteriorating access to electricity and water as the conflict intensifies, and of increasing #IHL and #HumanRights violations
The tempo of incidents affecting #water supplies to cities in #Libya appears to be increasing, with armed factions forcing power outages. This is building on years of slow degradation to vital infrastructure caused by attacks, thefts and lack of repairs
The impacts of climate change are particularly complex in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The region suffers from violent conflicts and severe water scarcity, while climate models show more serious scenarios here than in other regions. This paper explains how the security of the MENA region is inscribed in a new climate reality.
In June 2018, social media and OSINT were used to identify damage caused to an oil storage site in Libya caused by fighting between the LNA and a former PFG commander.
How the needs of conflict-affected communities in Southern Libya are being addressed. Communities in southern Libya crucially rely on water wells to extract water, which through the connection to the water well network, reaches peoples’ individual homes. Over the past few years, many wells have fallen into disrepair or were not connected to the electricity…
Communities living in proximity to the Abu Kammesh and Melittah Oil and Gas complex are concerned over rates of health problems linked to pollution from the sites.
Coverage of the health and environmental risks posed by the abandoned Abu Khammash chemical plant in northern Libya.
How a former chemical plant has been abandoned due to the conflict and now poses risks to the environment and local communities.
This profile provides an overview of climate risk issues in Libya, including how climate change will potentially impact agriculture, water resources, human health and coastal zones.
The Great Man-made River is a remarkable feat of engineering but the whole scheme could collapse if the mayhem in Libya continues.
This report focuses on environmental governance in Libya and was prepared as part of an EU project intended to create a shared environmental information system in the European neighbourhood.
This book offered signposts towards achieving Libyan environmental sustainability, finding that Libya was poised to become a world leader in sustainability should it have chosen to.
Harvard International Human Rights Clinic | Explosive Situation: Qaddafi’s Abandoned Weapons and the Threat to Libya’s Civilians
This report focuses on the impact on civilians of weapons that were once part of Qaddafi’s arsenal, but were not used in the conflict and are now held by various parties.
This report contains a compilation of information from national and international experts and from documentation available on marine and coastal biodiversity in Libya. It proposes and describes sites of conservation interest along the Libyan coast.