A brief introductory overview of the environmental dimensions of post-conflict Colombia, with facts, figures and further reading.
Half a century of conflict caused serious damage to the environment but in some areas prevented deforestation in what is a global biodiversity hotspot. Pollution has been caused by deliberate attacks on oil infrastructure and aerial herbicide use, and mercury emissions from gold mining are an ongoing problem. The peace agreement has created new threats to Colombia’s ecosystems as access to forest areas increases and land use changes.
Colombia’s environment has suffered widespread and severe damage as a result of half a century of armed conflict. With a peace agreement with FARC on the table, the government has been reviewing the financial costs of the damage – and the economic and environmental benefits of peace.
Aerial use of Glyphosate herbicides in Colombia prove too controversial after WHO findings on cancer risks.
The World Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer has classified the world’s most widely used herbicide Roundup as probably carcinogenic in humans. Roundup is widely used in US supported efforts to destroy poppy and coca fields in Colombia’s long running internal conflict and the decision will add to existing concerns over the health impact of aerial spraying.
“We have returned to forced recruitment, kidnapping, rape, disappearance, torture and murder. It’s important that the international community understands the conflict in #Colombia has not ended.”
Drugs, gold and guns bring terror to 400-mile waterway in Colombia
Dredging and deforestation have had deeply damaging effects on the River Atrato in Colombia while armed groups terrorise communities.
Important #remotesensing data on deforestation in #Colombia and an important observation: FARC's withdrawal from forest areas after the peace agreement, and a lack of governance, facilitated land grabbing by large landowners and other illegal armed groups
As the Amazon burns, Colombia’s forests decimated for cattle and coca
Colombian experts are working on a proposal for the new transitional justice to investigate the ways in which the environment and its caretakers have been affected by violence.
Blog analysing the challenges that post-conflict sustainable development will face in Colombia without efforts to strengthen governance at all levels.
In 2015, 24,142 hectares of forest were lost, which is almost 20% of Colombia’s total forested area in that year. The main driving forces of the deforestation are the expansion of the agricultural industry to make room for cattle, along with the commercialization of wood, illicit crops, and illegal mining.
President Santos is expanding national parks but they remain under threat from agriculture.
After five decades of civil war, Colombia is holding more than seven million displaced people, second only to Syria worldwide, now they are returning home.
Pulitzer Center | ‘It’s a Perverse System’: How Colombia’s Farmers Are Reforesting Their Logged Land
Land grabs, government policies and a lack of governance in the regions are all placing Colombia’s environment at risk.
Insights into the factors affecting deforestation in areas of Colombia under the control of armed groups and the government.
After a half-century of conflict, Colombia is regaining control of vast biologically rich areas that had been havens for rebel groups. Now, scientists are racing to create plans for conservation and sustainable development to head off an influx of illegal loggers and miners.
The Dialogue | Peace and Environmental Protection in Colombia: Proposals for Sustainable Rural Development
Report assessing the environmental impact of the armed conflict in Colombia, potential environmental risks in former conflict zones resulting from the implementation of the peace accords, and which identifies the institutional, economic, and policymaking challenges to mitigating those risks.
This panel discussion sought to promote shared understandings of how the donor community and international civil society can support a newly peaceful Colombia to embark on a renewed path of sustainability for its long-term security.
An influential report from Colombia’s Departamento Nacional de Planeación outlining the environmental dimensions of Colombia’s conflict and the peace process.