Half a century of conflict caused serious damage to the environment but in some areas prevented deforestation in what is a global biodiversity hotspot. Pollution has been caused by deliberate attacks on oil infrastructure and aerial herbicide use, and mercury emissions from gold mining are an ongoing problem. The peace agreement has created new threats to Colombia’s ecosystems as access to forest areas increases and land use changes.


Country brief: Colombia

A brief introductory overview of the environmental dimensions of post-conflict Colombia, with facts, figures and further reading.


Calculating the environmental benefits of peace in Colombia

Colombia’s environment has suffered widespread and severe damage as a result of half a century of armed conflict. With a peace agreement with FARC on the table, the government has been reviewing the financial costs of the damage – and the economic and environmental benefits of peace.

Twitter: #Colombia

Dealing with landmines and #UXO can harm the #environment. As we report in our latest blog with @NPAdisarm, minimising harm really matters in countries like #Colombia where protecting its rich natural heritage is key to its post-conflict recovery:

'Local officials and social leaders want more sustainable development instead of militarization, warning that government plans to resume the controversial aerial fumigation of coca crops will provoke yet more violence and displacement.' #Colombia

A coca plantation in Catatumbo, Colombia.

Colombia‘s coca farmers want viable alternatives, not militarization

Catatumbo locals warn that government plans to resume aerial fumigation of coca crops will provoke yet more violence

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