Water infrastructure has often been damaged during the conflict in eastern Ukraine.
The targeting of water installations as well as collateral damage resulting from the fighting has impacted the functionality of water systems. Lack of access to water and poor water quality pose a threat to human health and sanitation and can limit food production. Likewise, it can impede socio‐economic development and political stability which, in turn, may trigger further tension and conflict in the region. The OSCE’s comprehensive approach to security intends to reduce the risk of water becoming a potential source of conflict and promote it as a tool for confidence building and co‐operation. In line with the overall aim to reduce tensions and foster peace, stability and security in Ukraine, this report examines the negative impact of the conflict on access to water and SMM’s efforts to facilitate ceasefires to allow for the repair of the water system in order to provide access to sufficient, safe, acceptable and affordable water to conflict‐affected civilians.