CSEN find that climate change poses an existential threat to Libya, that if left unaddressed, threatens basic state functionality and stability. The risk brief also discusses potential entry points for addressing the climate-fragility risks in Libya.
WWF | A dangerous climate: deforestation, climate change and violence against environmental defenders in the Colombian Amazon
The worsening spiral of environmental destruction and violence since 2016 peace treaty between government and FARC. This study finds that a twin human rights and environmental crisis has intensified in Colombia since the government and rebel army FARC signed a peace treaty in 2016. The demobilisation and disarmament of FARC created a power vacuum in…
This paper provides a comprehensive assessment of Syria’s electricity sector after a decade of war.
This policy brief examines the public water infrastructure in Basra Governorate, southern Iraq. Crucial to the delivery of water services to the population, the longterm deterioration of this infrastructure is a result of armed conflict, international sanctions and defective governance.
CAPAZ | The environment and Indigenous people in the context of the armed conflict and the peacebuilding process in Colombia
Policy brief assessing the impact of the armed conflict in Colombia on the environment and on indigenous peoples, and the application of the rules of IHL and international criminal law to the armed conflict as well as their implications for the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP).
This paper investigates the direct and indirect environmental impacts in Iraq, set against the existing situation of environmental sustainability in the country.
This paper provides a preliminary survey of a set of environmental challenges in Syria that impose significant health, social and economic costs, and suggests green solutions for post-conflict relief and reconstruction.
South Sudan is highly vulnerable to climate change, including flooding, droughts and, most recently, a locust infestation. Long-term climate change, like a gradual increase in temperature, and short-term changes, like increased flooding, have indirect and interlinked implications for peace and security in South Sudan.